André Balogh's Web Pages
A Course In Space Physics
The subject of Space Physics; the sun and the solar corona, the solar wind
and the heliosphere; the Earth's ionosphere; planetary magnetospheres.
2. Physics of Solar System Plasmas
Origins; quasi-neutrality; motion of charged particles in electric and
magnetic fields; drift motion; plasma as an ion-electron gas; equations
of conservation of mass, momentum and energy; the fluid description of
a plasma; Maxwell's equations applied to a plasma; electromagnetic force
on a plasma; magnetic tension and pressure; the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD)
approximation and frozen-in flows; MHD wave modes; shock waves.
3. Physics of the Solar Corona and the Origin of the Solar Wind
Atmospheres in hydrostatic equilibrium; plasma and magnetic structures
in the solar corona; the origin of the solar wind and Parker's isothermal
solar wind solution; the solar cycle dependence of solar phenomena.
4. Physics of the Heliosphere
The solar wind and the heliospheric magnetic field; fast and slow solar
wind streams; corotating and transient disturbances in the solar wind;
solar cycle effects; the boundary of the heliosphere with the Local Interstellar
5. Physics of the Earth’s Ionosphere
Formation of the ionosphere; photoionisation and the Chapman production
function; ionisation by energetic particles; loss mechanisms; conductivity
and current systems; ionosondes.
6. Physics of Planetary Magnetospheres
The Chapman-Ferraro problem; the interaction of the solar wind with the
magnetosphere; bow shock, magnetosheath, magnetopause, magnetosphere, magnetospheric
tail; plasma flows due to corotation and solar wind-driven convection;
7. Solar-Terrestrial Physics and Space Weather
Geophysical effects of solar phenomena; some practical effects of Space
Weather phenomena; solar cycle dependence of geophysical effects; problems
with forecasting Space Weather.
André Balogh 18 December